Weight gain during periods: Why it happens?
Team Gabit
6 months ago | 5 mins

Weight gain during periods: Why it happens?

Explore insights on weight gain during periods and perimenopause. Understand the average weight gain during the menstrual cycle and discover tips on managing weight around this time for a balanced lifestyle.

For countless women, the question of "do we gain weight during periods?" is more than a passing curiosity – it's a monthly concern. Today, we'll not only uncover the reasons behind the average weight gain during periods but also shed light on how perimenopause can further complicate this aspect of our lives.

know weight gain during periods

Contrary to popular belief, it's not merely a matter of indulging in cravings; hormonal fluctuations play a pivotal role: the complex relationship between menstrual cycles and the numbers on the scale. 

Overview of the menstrual cycle

The menstrual cycle, a recurring monthly process, brings about various physical and hormonal changes in women. While many attribute this to overindulgence or water retention, it's essential to recognise the influence of hormonal fluctuations. 

Research indicates that the average weight gain during periods can range, and factors such as increased progesterone levels and changes in metabolism play a role. 

know weight gain during periods

As women approach perimenopause, these hormonal shifts intensify, raising questions about weight gain during periods. Contrary to misconceptions, it's not just a matter of temporary bloating; there are genuine physiological reasons behind gaining weight when on your period or around it. 

Causes of weight gain during periods

During menstruation, many women experience fluctuations in weight, and understanding the causes behind weight gain during periods is crucial. It is a common misconception that individuals gain a substantial amount of weight during their menstrual cycle. However, on average, the weight gain during periods tends to be relatively modest. 

Factors contributing to this phenomenon include hormonal changes, water retention, and increased cravings for high-calorie foods.

know weight gain during periods

Moreover, it is essential to differentiate between regular weight gain during period fluctuations and significant weight gain during perimenopause, where hormonal shifts can have a more pronounced impact on body composition. 

How much weight is considered normal to gain during your period?

The notion of  weight gain during periods varies among individuals, and there isn't a one-fits-all answer. On average, women may experience a slight increase in weight during their menstrual cycle, often attributed to factors like hormonal fluctuations, water retention, and dietary changes. 

The average weight gain during a period typically ranges from one to five pounds, but this can differ. It's essential to recognise that such fluctuations are temporary and primarily linked to hormonal shifts rather than fat accumulation.

know weight gain during periods

Additionally, factors like stress, lifestyle, and overall health play a role in how the body responds to menstruation. 

Nutritional aspects

Understanding the nutritional aspects related to various life stages, such as weight gain during perimenopause or average weight gain during periods, is crucial for maintaining overall well-being. During perimenopause, hormonal changes can impact metabolism and body composition, necessitating adjustments in nutritional habits to support health.

know weight gain during periods

It is vital to focus on a balanced diet rich in essential nutrients, acknowledging individual needs and potential variations in caloric requirements during different phases. Nutrient-dense foods, including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins, play a pivotal role in supporting optimal health. 

Lifestyle and psychological factors

The choices we make, such as engaging in regular physical activity and maintaining a balanced diet, significantly impact how our bodies respond to hormonal changes during perimenopause. Exercise not only helps manage weight but also contributes to overall well-being during this transitional period. 

know weight gain during periods

Emotional factors, stress, and hormonal fluctuations can influence eating patterns, potentially contributing to fluctuations in body weight. Integrating mindful practices, like stress management techniques and conscious eating, addresses the intricate interplay between psychology and weight management. 

How to manage weight gain during periods

Regular exercise plays a pivotal role in mitigating the impact of hormonal fluctuations on weight. Engaging in activities like aerobic exercises and strength training can help regulate metabolism and reduce bloating. 

know weight gain during periods

Additionally, maintaining a balanced diet that includes nutrient-dense foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, can contribute to overall well-being during this time. Hydration is crucial to combat water retention, a common factor in weight gain during periods. Moreover, recognising and addressing emotional triggers related to eating is essential. 

Practices like mindful eating and stress management techniques can foster a healthier relationship with food. By adopting a holistic approach that combines physical activity, balanced nutrition, and emotional well-being, individuals can navigate and mitigate the impact of weight gain during periods more effectively.


Understanding and addressing weight gain during periods is essential for promoting holistic well-being. The fluctuations in weight experienced during the menstrual cycle are often influenced by a combination of hormonal changes, water retention, and dietary factors. 

Moreover, adopting a balanced lifestyle that includes regular exercise, mindful eating practices, and adequate hydration contributes to managing these fluctuations effectively. 

know weight gain during periods

While the topic extends to phases like perimenopause, where hormonal shifts may have a more significant impact, the fundamental principles of a healthy lifestyle remain crucial. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Why do some women experience weight gain during their periods?

Weight gain during periods can be attributed to hormonal fluctuations, water retention, and increased cravings for high-calorie foods. These factors vary among individuals, leading to different experiences of weight fluctuations during the menstrual cycle.

Are there lifestyle changes that can help manage weight during periods?

Managing weight gain during periods involves adopting a balanced lifestyle, including regular exercise and mindful eating. These changes contribute to overall well-being and help mitigate the impact of hormonal fluctuations.

How does hydration impact period-related weight gain?

Hydration plays a crucial role in mitigating weight gain during periods by reducing water retention. Staying adequately hydrated helps the body regulate fluid balance, potentially alleviating bloating and contributing to a more comfortable menstrual experience.

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